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Index - News - Lenticular Industry 
Professional terminology and noun explanation of three-dimensional picture and material
 
Pitch :lenticular lens board refers to the chord length of an arc. Shown in the following figure:
 
   Lenticular lens pitch is the width of lenticular lens grid line. There are many ways of the lenticular lens pitch unit, e.g. lenticular lens width (mm) as a nominal (commonly found in domestic lenticular lens sheet), but also lenticular lens density (lpi) as a nominal (commonly found in imported raster). Another, to use the point of photo printing machine or printer (pixel) as a nominal.
       Conversion relationship of the three units: (1lpi) = 25.4 / (1 mm) (1pixel) = printer resolution (dpi) / (1lpi)
       When lenticular lens was processed in the factory, due to the physical processes¡± hot press, cold condensate¡±, the actual nominal value of lenticular lens pitch has s certain deviation with the nominal value when leaving the factory. Second, many types of inke-jet printers and offset printers can not achieve its desired accuracy, which will inevitably lead to that the output raster images and raster imaging sheet don't match (particularly when doing large-scale pictures). Thus, we use a specific output device (ink-jet printer or offset printer) to test a particular lenticular lens, and use the number of printed dots (print marks) pixel to express. In this way, regardless of the nominal value error when leaving factory and output device error, we can ensure that output images of the raster image fit for the grating sheet well. 
       Line numbers : the number of lines per inch. 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters. 
           Number of lines = one inch / pitch = 2.54/XX 
       Pixels: the number of points per unit pixel (the image resolution), that is pixels / inch or pixels / cm. 
       Lenticular lens : lenticular lens means that it can be attached to the outside screen, and we see a vivid three-dimensional portrait by the different viewing angles and two principles of light refraction, and it is a kind of material by printing and pressing technology. 
      Viewing angle: it refers to the maximal effective angle which our eyes through the lenticular lens material can see clearly the 3D picture screen. 
      Viewing change angle: it means that eyes through lenticula lens material watch 3D picture screen and the angle which eyes need move from one screen to the other one.         
      Resolution: Resolution refers to the number of points (pixels) per unit. When making an image, the resolution which is set in PHOTOSHOP,  that is resolution of the images, unit: pixels / cm, or pixels / inch. 
      There are strict requirements of resolutions for 3D picture, mainly about several points: 
     1) Pitch and the lines: They have a close relationship. Pitch determines the number of lines ( the number of lines is the number of pitches per inch). 
     2) Layers: When making a picture,  the number of images, you can also refer to the number of layers in PHOTOSHOP, but the former is more precise.
     3) Focus thickness(i.e. medium thickness): The medium thickness which lenticular lens focus needs.
     4) Printing orientation: It refers to the moving orientation of printing car when printing, when the car's direction of movement and the direction of texture are parallel, we call it horizontal, when intersecting, we call it vertical.   
     5) Viewing distance£ºIt refers to the distance we are away from the picture when we watch the picture. Different  lenticular lens materials  have  different viewing distances
 Back£ºImage-forming principle of lenticular lens board     Next£ºTypes of 3D printing products

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